By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDJun 9 2019Researchers, in one of the most comprehensive global studies, have mapped the type and quantities of drinks consumed around the world. They explain that a major portion of the daily calorie and nutrition intake comes from the beverages consumed. The results of the study were presented at Nutrition 2019, the American Society for Nutrition annual meeting, held June 8-11, 2019 in Baltimore. In their study the team looked at beverage consumption habits from 185 countries around the world. Lead study author Laura Lara-Castor, a doctoral student in the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University spoke about her “Global Dietary Database project,” saying that, “These preliminary data derived from the Global Dietary Database project can help inform nutrition transitions over time, the impacts of these beverages on global health, and targeted dietary policy to improve diet and health.”The team looked at 2015 data by compiling results from 1,100 surveys that were taken by 6.78 billion people around the world. The surveys looked at various dietary and beverage consuming habits.According to Lara-Castor and her team some patterns emerged from their study. She said, “Notably, sugar-sweetened beverage and fruit juice intake was highest in the Latin American region, where both commercial and homemade sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit drinks are widely consumed. Milk intake was highest in the high-income region (including countries such as Sweden, Iceland and Finland) where dairy farming is more widespread and dairy consumption has been traditionally a major part of the diet.” Youngsters living in urban areas and those with higher education levels consumed more beverages than otherwise, the team noted. Milk intake was high among those below 12 years of age as well as those above 72 years of age, found the study.Results revealed that in Mexico, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was at its highest with an average adult consuming over 19 ounces or 2.5 cups per day. Suriname and Jamaica came next with an average of around 15 ounces per day. China, Indonesia and Burkina Faso showed lowest consumption of these beverages. Fruit juice consumption was highest in nations such as Colombia and the Dominican Republic at around 10 to 11 or 1.4 cups per day. China, Portugal and Japan consumed lowest amounts of fruit juices, the team noted. Nations such as Sweden, Iceland and Finland consumed more milk than other nations at 9 or 10 ounces or 1.3 cups per day average. China, Togo and Sudan consumed least amount of milk on an average.Related StoriesHealthy high-fiber diet could reduce preeclampsia riskDiet and nutrition influence microbiome in colonic mucosaJAMA commentary: Nutrition knowledge essential for today’s physiciansThe researchers explain that Mexico with its highest consumption of sugary beverages is also a place where rates of obesity are one of the highest. Reports show that over 70 percent of the population in the nation is overweight or obese and over 70 percent of their sugar consumption comes from these sugary beverages with Coca-Cola being the most favourite. To curb use, the Mexican government has added sugar taxes. After the first year of this taxing there has been a 5.5 percent drop in sugar consumption of the nation. In the second year after the taxes were in place, there was a 9.7 percent drop in sugar consumption. This study also noted that sugary drink consumption as well a s fruit juice consumption was high not only for commercially available packaged drinks but also home-made sugary drinks.According to Lara-Castor, “For sugar-sweetened beverages, fruit juice and milk, these data reflect updated and expanded estimates of the 2010 GDD, while for coffee and tea these constitute the first global quantitative estimates to be ever reported.” She said, “These data highlight gaps in dietary surveillance, further helping inform nutrition transitions over time, the impacts of these beverages on global health, and targeted dietary policy to improve diet and health.”The team adds that there were some limitations in the study. They write that the beverage consumption data came for only certain beverages, within a certain time period in the country. Lara-Castor said, “In particular, more intake data were available in 2015 than in 1990, and relatively few intake data were available in most Sub-Saharan African nations. [Nevertheless,] our findings represent the best available, yet still imperfect, data on global intakes of key foods.” She explained, “In ongoing work, we are updating our searches, data collection and modelling, to overcome each of these prior limitations.”Overall the study gives a fair idea of what the world is drinking, said Lara-Castor. This may help develop nutritional policies that could be beneficial to public health she concluded. Paket / Shutterstock
By Lois Zoppi, BAJun 25 2019Researchers from the University of Southern California (USC) at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology have revealed that plant foods may be transmitting antibiotic resistance to the gut microbiome.Understanding how antibiotic-resistant bacteria are transmitted to humans through meat and plant foods is important when considering public health, food safety, and the subsequent economic burden. “We found differences in the ability of bacteria to silently colonize the gut after ingestion, depending on a variety of host and bacterial factors. We mimicked antibiotic and antacid treatments, as both could affect the ability of superbugs to survive passage from the stomach to the intestines.Marlène Maeusli Related StoriesAntibiotic combination effective against drug-resistant PseudomonasAntibiotic susceptibility pattern of Enterobacteriaceae found in GhanaMultifaceted intervention for acute respiratory infection improves antibiotic-prescribingOne of the antibiotics tested in the study did not make the superbug better able to hide itself in the mouse intestines, but a second antibiotic led to stable gut colonization after ingestion. Colonization was also altered after the E. coli bacteria was consumed with food, along with consuming an antacid before ingesting the E. coli.In a separate study also presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, six probiotic Bacillus strains were found to be resistant to several types of antibiotics.With Bacillus strains often being used in probiotic products purporting to benefit the health of the gut, researcher and Masters student at CSU Fresno Emmanuel Flores felt it was important to determine whether “probiotic Bacillus are capable of transferring their own antibiotic resistance to bacteria and cause illness such as food poisoning.”Fresno’s study found that probiotic Bacillus does have the potential to transfer antibiotic resistance, but further tests are required to discover which types of bacteria this resistance can be transferred to.Marlène Maeusli explained the future steps in the investigations into plant foods and their role in transmitting superbugs to animals and humans. She said: “We continue to seek the plant characteristics and host factors that result in key microbial community shifts in the gut that put us at risk for colonization and those that prevent it. The environment and human health – in this context via agriculture and microbiomes – are inextricably linked.” Sources: Plants – Not Just Antibiotic-Fed Poultry and Livestock – May be Transmitting Superbugs to People. ASM Press Release. June 22, 2019. Antibiotic Resistance in Spore-Forming Probiotic Bacteria. ASM Press Release. June 21, 2019. Monika Wisniewska / ShutterstockThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that agriculture was responsible for 20% of the 2 million infections that are resistant to antibiotics that occur every year. While this estimate is based on infections and superbugs (so called because of their resistance to antibiotics) caused by the consumption of meat, there is a paucity of research into how big an impact plants have in transmitting these superbugs to humans.In a mouse study conducted by the USC researchers, it was discovered that superbugs were able to “hide” in the mice’s intestines after they had been fed lettuce contaminated with E. coli, an antibiotic-resistant bacteria.The researchers accurately mimicked the nature of a superbug infection caused by plants, which does not cause immediate symptoms or signs of illness. The bacteria causing superbug outbreaks can live inside the intestines for up to several years, only causing infection (like urinary infections, for example) when they travel outside of the intestines.After infecting lettuce with E. coli and feeding it to the mice, their fecal samples were analyzed over time.Lead author of the study Marlène Maeusli, PhD candidate at Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, said: “Our findings highlight the importance of tackling foodborne antibiotic-resistance from a complete food chain perspective that includes plant-foods in addition to meat.”
In this Wednesday, Dec. 20, 2017, file photo, a clerk reaches to a shelf to pick an item for a customer order at the Amazon Prime warehouse, in New York. Amazon announced Thursday, Jan. 18, 2018, that it has narrowed down its potential site for a second headquarters in North America to 20 metropolitan areas, mainly on the East Coast. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File) Maybe next time: Cities see failed Amazon bids as trial runs ___DETROIT”We would have loved to have made it into the next round for Amazon’s second headquarters but everyone here is incredibly proud of the proposal we submitted,” Mayor Mike Duggan said. “It showed a clear vision for the future of our city and brought out the very best of our city and our region.”___MEMPHIS, Tennessee”We came together and gave it our best shot,” Mayor Jim Strickland said. “The good news is that this exercise showed us new ways to showcase our city that we are already using to attract other businesses.””Memphis has momentum and other companies have seen and will continue to see our value”The city offered Amazon $60 million in cash incentives.___KANSAS CITY, Missouri”I can understand that some Kansas Citians may be disappointed, but it’s important to remember that as a result of this very collaborative effort, more people today know more great things about Kansas City than they ever did before,” said Mayor Sly James. “Kansas City will continue to develop transformational projects and partnerships that continue the momentum you feel in every block and every neighborhood of this great city. We truly are a city on the rise, and I look forward to our exciting future.”___DELAWAREDelaware’s Gov. John Carney and the state’s congressional delegation said they were “of course” disappointed not to be chosen.”But we used this opportunity to showcase all the options in Delaware not just for Amazon, but for any business looking for a location to set down roots and grow,” they said. “In that respect, Delaware’s effort—which brought together leaders in the public and private sectors to promote our great state—was a resounding success. Going forward, we’ll do everything we can to support Philadelphia’s application, to help bring Amazon to our region.”___NEW HAMPSHIRE”New Hampshire’s groundbreaking proposal to recruit Amazon was the most comprehensive business marketing plan our state has ever produced,” Gov. Chris Sununu said in a statement. “While we always knew that our bid was considered a long shot, we are excited that it is already serving as a template for other businesses that now have New Hampshire on their radar. Our commitment to economic and workforce development is already yielding results. We will never stop emphasizing that New Hampshire is open for business, open for workers, and open for opportunity.” Amazon’s move to whittle its list for a second headquarters leaves more than 200 municipalities disappointed. Here are statements from some of the places that didn’t make the tech giant’s cut to 20 contenders: Explore further Citation: Amazon’s potential HQ2 sites leaves many cities disappointed (2018, January 19) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-amazon-potential-hq2-sites-cities.html New Hampshire’s Amazon proposal was centered in Londonderry and emphasized the state’s lack of a sales or income tax.___SAN DIEGO”While disappointed San Diego/Chula Vista did not advance, we are not at all surprised,” said Mark Cafferty, president and CEO of the San Diego Regional Economic Development Corp. “We knew that this would be a long shot based on geography and incentive options, but we also know that as a region, San Diego can most definitely compete with others in terms of talent, entrepreneurship, innovation and quality of life.”___NORTHERN CALIFORNIAThe two bids submitted by cities in the San Francisco Bay Area were both rejected by Amazon. Bay Area Council President Jim Wunderman said the decision was disappointing. “We’re not completely surprised by Amazon’s decision,” he said. “The Bay Area is one of the most innovative regions in the world and the huge economic expansion we have witnessed here over the past 10 years has created significant challenges in the form of high housing costs, high cost of living and growing traffic. We are working hard to address these challenges, but we suspect they factored heavily in Amazon’s decision to look elsewhere.”___VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA”We’re disappointed the City of Virginia Beach was not listed among the top 20 finalists for this project. However, we’re excited the Commonwealth of Virginia is still under consideration,” Virginia Beach Mayor William Sessoms Jr. said. “A project of this magnitude will create many opportunities, and, if Virginia is selected, we expect Virginia Beach and Hampton Roads will benefit.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
RELATED Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal – PTI COMMENT Published on justice and rights New Delhi SHARE ‘Centre egging on Delhi officials against Kejriwal’ Kejriwal calls off nine day sit-in Following is the chronology of events in the case related to the power tussle between the Centre and Delhi government in which a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court today unanimously held that Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal does not have independent decision making powers and is bound to act on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers.It had started with lodging of an FIR in 2014 by the then Arvind Kejriwal regime against Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), Mukesh Ambani and others including UPA ministers M Veerappa Moily and Murli Deora (since dead), accusing them of “fixing” gas prices.2014 May 2 RIL moves the Delhi High Court for quashing of FIR and challenging a 1993 notification of the Centre giving power to Delhi government’s Anti-Corruption Branch (ACB) to probe union government employees.May 8 Centre moves HC opposing FIR against the ministers contending that ACB has no powers or jurisdiction to probe.May 9 HC issues notice to Delhi government on the plea to quash FIR against the ministers. HC allowed ACB to continue with its probe.May 20 HC asks Centre, RIL to cooperate with ACB probe.August 9 ACB tells HC that it has powers to lodge FIR in gas pricing case.August 19 ACB tells HC it cannot probe the gas pricing case against RIL and a former UPA minister as a July 23, 2014 notification of Centre has taken away its jurisdiction to investigate central government employees.October 16 Delhi government tells HC its ACB can prosecute RIL and ministers.October 28 Delhi HC gives time to Centre to clarify on ACB’s powers.December 4 RIL argues in HC that State probing Centre’s decision on gas pricing is absurd.2015May 25 HC says ACB has jurisdiction to arrest policemen who come under Centre. It says the Centre’s May 21 notification limiting ACB’s powers was “suspect”.May 26 PIL in HC against Centre’s May 21 notification giving powers to the Lieutenant Governor (LG) to appoint bureaucrats in Delhi.May 28 Delhi government moves HC on Centre’s notification on LG’s powers. Centre moves the Supreme Court against Delhi HC’s May 25 order terming as “suspect” its notification.May 29 HC asks LG to consider Delhi government’s proposals on shifting of nine bureaucrats from one post to another.June 10 HC refuses to stay MHA notification on ACB power.June 27 Delhi government moves HC to restrain LG appointee ACB chief M K Meena from entering anti-graft body’s office.2016January 27 Union government tells HC that Delhi is under Centre’s control and not full-fledged state.April 5 AAP government asks HC to refer to larger bench petitions on powers of LG on the governance of Delhi.April 6 Delhi government tells HC it was competent to set up a commission to probe allegations of corruption in awarding licence to conduct CNG fitness tests.April 19 AAP government withdraws from SC its plea seeking setting up of a larger bench in HC.May 24 HC reserves order on AAP government’s plea for a stay on proceedings on the petitions arising out of its stand-off with LG over powers to appoint bureaucrats in the national capital and other issues.May 30 HC turns down AAP government’s request to first decide its stay application. July 1 SC agrees to hear AAP government’s plea seeking a direction that HC be restrained from delivering judgement on issues, including the scope of powers of the city government to exercise its authority in performing public functions.July 4 Justice J S Khehar of SC recuses from hearing AAP govt’s plea on declaration of powers of Delhi as a state.July 5 Justice L Nageshwar Rao of SC also recuses from hearing Delhi government’s plea.July 8 SC refuses to entertain Delhi government plea to first decide the preliminary issue as to whether it has the jurisdiction over disputes between the Centre and the state or is it “exclusively” triable by the apex court.August 4 HC says LG is administrative head of National Capital Territory and AAP government’s contention that he is bound to act on the advice of Council of Ministers was “without substance”.2017February 15 SC refers to constitution bench the pleas on Delhi-Centre row over governance.November 2 Constitution bench of SC commences hearing.November 8 SC observes that responsibilities conferred upon LG are not absolute.November 14 SC raises a question if constitutional scheme on division of executive powers between the Centre and the states can be made applicable to the union territory of Delhi.November 21 Centre opposes AAP government’s submissions in the SC, says Delhi has been accorded “special status” among union territories but that does not make it a state.December 6 SC reserves judgement on a batch of pleas on Delhi-Centre power tussle after hearing arguments for 15 days. 2018July 4 SC says LG does not have independent decision making powers, and is bound to act on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers. July 04, 2018 What is Kejriwal’s issue with L-G, whose role is clearly defined: Sheila SHARE SHARE EMAIL Delhi power tussle: A big win for Kejriwal as SC says LG doesn’t have independent powers politics COMMENTS
SHARE ‘Ruling welcome, but more clarity needed’ Published on RELATED aadhaar Hailing the Supreme Court’s Aadhaar verdict as “historic”, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said on Wednesday that the opposition Congress had cut “a very sorry figure” after the apex court upheld the core of national biometric ID programme, which, he claimed, had helped save ₹90,000 crore every year by plugging leakages in welfare schemes.Jaitley, who said he had not read the full judgment, said his understanding of the verdict was that the Supreme Court had barred the use of the 12-digit unique identification number by private entities like mobile phone firms in absence of a legislative backing for that.“Section 57 (of the Aadhaar Act that has been struck down by the Supreme Court) says that there can be special enabling power to allow other entities or body corporate (to use Aadhaar). I can give you my information (about the judgement). That is not permissible unless it is backed up by law. That seems to be the spirit of the judgment,” he said.When asked about the requirement of linking Aadhaar with bank accounts and mobile phones, Jaitley reiterated that he had not read the judgment.“It is a historic judgement and the whole concept of unique identity number that has been accepted after judicial review is an extremely welcome decision,” Jaitley told a news conference here.He said the court has also upheld that the Aadhaar legislation, which mandated assigning unique identification number of Indian citizens, was a Money Bill.‘Cong cut a sorry figure’Responding to the Congress charge that the apex court deleting private usage of Aadhaar is a “slap” on government’s face, Jaitley said the opposition party when it was in power brought in the ID programme without any legislative backing and without specifying what it was meant for.“Obviously, the Congress party cuts a very sorry figure. They introduced the idea and then did not know what to do with it….The version they had drafted was there shall be an Aadhaar card…what it will be used for was unclear from the beginning. Now you do not need an Aadhaar card which is not to be used for a particular purpose.” September 26, 2018 COMMENT SHARE SHARE EMAIL courts and legal Congress: Govt let private firms access citizens’ data Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley at a post-Cabinet meetingbriefing in New Delhi on Wednesday. – VV KRISHNAN COMMENTS
SHARE SHARE SHARE EMAIL CleanMax Solar is set to install a 842 kWp rooftop solar power unit at the Andhra Pradesh Secretariat in the upcoming Greenfiled capital city of Amaravati.The project is being installed in partnership with the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA). The solar project is the first Power Purchase Agreement signed as a part of the tender awarded by New & Renewable Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Ltd. (NREDCAP) to CleanMax Solar. The plant will be spread across seven buildings , including the Chief Minister’s Office Building and AP Assembly, among others.The project is based on the Resco (renewable service company) and Opex (Operational expense) model. The unit is expected to generate 12.4 lakh units per annum, with estimated saving on electricity bills to be Rs 42 lakh per annum for the next 25 years. The plant will abate 1026 tonnes of CO2 emission annually, equivalent to planting 24,360 trees.Andrew Hines, Co-founder, CleanMax Solar in a statement said, “Amaravati has been envisioned as a truly global city, and we are part of making it a sustainable city as well. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu has laid special emphasis on driving sustainability by sourcing a large portion of its energy requirement from renewable energy.”“CleanMax Solar will equip the city with one of its first solar projects, to meet 25% of AP Secretariat’s power requirement through sustainable solar power,” he said. It recently installed a 2MWp solar plant for Hindustan Shipyard Ltd in Andhra Pradesh. Once the Secretariat project is operational, the company projects will be abating 6168 tonnes of CO2 annually, via 4.3 MW of rooftop solar projects across 5 locations in Andhra Pradesh. Published on Andhra Pradesh COMMENT solar December 13, 2018 COMMENTS
Next Mumbai: Unable to locate 3-year-old Divyansh who fell into gutter, search teams call off operationsThe search for a three-year-old boy who fell into an open stormwater drain here on Wednesday has been stopped, a civic official said on Friday night.advertisement Press Trust of India MumbaiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 23:06 IST Divyansh Singh, who fell into a drain at Ambedkar Chowk in Malad East around 10 pm Wednesday, remained untraceable even after 48 hours.The search for a three-year-old boy who fell into an open stormwater drain here on Wednesday has been stopped, a civic official said on Friday night.Divyansh Singh, who fell into a drain at Ambedkar Chowk in Malad East around 10 pm Wednesday, remained untraceable even after 48 hours.The search was finally stopped around 10 pm, the spokesperson of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) said.The search team covered over 10 km of drainage line but in vain, another official said.The team of 50 BMC, Fire Brigade and National Disaster Response Force personnel searched the drain line by opening all manholes along the stretch.The child’s fall into the drain near Goregaon-Mulund Link Road was captured by CCTV cameras.Divyansh’s father Suraj Bhan Singh had alleged earlier that the authorities were not doing enough to trace his son.”The BMC, fire brigade and NDRF are not showing any intent to find my son. The fire brigade team did not even have a torch. NDRF jawans came and went back after marking their presence. Our family wanted to protest but were stopped by the police,” Singh had claimed.He also hit out at Mumbai Mayor Vishwanath Mahadeshwar for not bothering to meet him or other members of the family.ALSO READ | 20 hours on, no trace of Mumbai toddler who fell down gutter, family inconsolableALSO WATCH | 2-year-old falls into open drain in MumbaiFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byAnupriya Thakur Tags :Follow Mumbai